Sunday, March 28, 2010

About this Project

In the human body systems project I described nine systems of the human body, explained the function, listed the organs of the system, listed interactions of this specific system with other systems I learned about, included a picture, and listed some diseases, disorders & other problems of the system (my own category).

Below is the 'Works Cited' page and beside this post is the list of systems.

Enjoy reading!

Mrs.Dalton's 7th period

My own category~~~

Diseases, Disorders & Other Problems

I included at least two diseases, disorders OR other problems from the system.

Works Cited

  • Pernick, Nat. "Trachea."PathologyOutlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • Berg, Linda Ruth, Barbara Christopher, Jennie Dusheck, and Mark F. Taylor Katy Z. Allen. Georgia Holt Science & Technology (Life Science). Geogria Edition ed. New York, London: Holt/Rinehart/Winston, 2008. Print.

  • Simon, Harvey. "Urinary tract infection." Adam. N.p., 25 Aug. 2008. Web. 27 Mar. 2010.

  • Carpi, Anthony. "Basic Anatomy - Organs & Organ Systems." Courses Pages. Netscape Communications, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2010. .

  • Kidport, Bryan. "Reference Library - Science - Muscles of the Human Body." Kidport Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • "Muscular System | ENCOGNITIVE.COM."ENCOGNITIVE.COM | Natural, alternative cancer, heart disease, diabetes, treatment, cure. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • Col, Jeananda. "Brain Glossary -"ENCHANTED LEARNING HOME PAGE. Enchanted Learning, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • "Home." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • "WikiAnswers - What is the function of a human tongue."WikiAnswers - The Q&A wiki. Answers, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • Parlin, Theron. "the digestive system « eatwellgetwell – a nutrition and medicine study blog." eatwellgetwell – a nutrition and medicine study blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010. .

  • "Melanoma - In-Depth Report - NY Times Health." Health News - The New York Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

  • "IMCPL Kids." Indianapolis - Marion County Public Library. Government, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2010.

The Integumentary System


The integumentary system includes skin, hair, and nails. The function of the skin is to keep foreign particles out of the body, to keep you in touch with the outside world by letting you touch and feel, to rid of waste through sweat, and to regulate your body temperature, which is also by sweating. Hair helps protect your skin from ultraviolet rays, and helps keep dust and insects out of your eyes and nose. Nails protect your finger and toe tips.
More about hair:
Hair protects your skin from ultraviolet light, such as the rays from the sun. Hair also helps regulate body temperature. Your hairs immediately stand up, and create a "sweater" to trap warm air around you when you are cold. Hair also helps keep dust and insects away from our eyes and nose.
Tissues that make up hair:
Hair follicles
Interactions with other systems:
  • Interacts with the immune system, because they both use the skin to keep pathogens out of the body.
  • Provides protection on the outside of the body just like the skeletal system.
Diseases, Disorders & Other Problems:
  • Skin cancer is a disease through damage of genetic material.
  • Acne can affect the skin with hormones that cause oil glands to make too much oil for the skin. The oil mixes with dead skin cells and clogs hair follicles, causing acne.

The Circulatory System

The purpose of the circulatory system is to carry oxygen from the lungs and spread it around the rest of the body, and to collect the carbon dioxide from the tissues and cells and exchange it with the lungs, so the lungs can rid of the carbon dioxide and get more oxygen. Along with oxygen, the circulatory system provides the cells with other nutrients, and removes waste that is not needed.
Blood Vessels
More about the Heart:
Your heart pumps blood throughout your body, and each time you hear your heart beat- it's sending blood to your veins and lungs, where it is supplied with more oxygen, and then sent back around your body.
Tissues that make up the heart:
Epithelial Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nerve Tissue
Connective Tissue
  • The circulatory system interacts with the excretory system, because it also removes waste, which is what is being done when the circulatory rids the cells of waste.
  • Interacts with the respiratory system when the respiratory system provide the circulatory system with oxygen for the heart to pump around the body.
Diseases, Disorders & Other Problems:
  • Heart disease can cause a heart attack and heart failure and other fatal health problems that will cause the heart to stop. When the heart stops, all the veins won't be able to get access to blood and oxygen. This can be deadly.
  • Sickle-celled Anemia is carried in all red blood cells and reduces the amount of oxygen that can be carried in each cell. This is also very deadly.

The Immune System


Your immune system is made up of cells and tissues that will attack any foreign substances in your body. The foreign substances would include viruses, bacteria, and parasites. The immune system isn't located in any specific place/spot in your body, and it does not have a specific "control center." It is all of the individual cells, tissues, and organs working together to fight off pathogens and diseases.
Lymph nodes
Lymphatic Vessels
More about the spleen:
This organ destroys and recycles old red blood cells. It also stores blood, in case of a blood emergency. The spleen also contributes to the circulatory system with the production of red blood cells.
Tissues that make up the spleen:
Connective Tissue
Elastic Tissue
Lymphatic Tissue
Interactions with other systems:
  • Interacts with the circulatory system because the spleen works for both the immune system and the circulatory system. It provides the circulatory system with blood.
  • Interacts with skeletal system because the pancreas also forms red blood cells like the skeletal system does.
Diseases, Disorders & Other Problems:
  • AIDS is a disease that kills many of the helper T cells in the immune system. This can be harmful when another disease attacks the immune system, but the immune system cannot fight it.
  • Cancer is a disease in which cells divide at an uncontrollable rate. Cancer can be so severe, that it could lead to death.

The Digestive System


The digestive system is made up of organs called the digestive tract. The digestive tract is what the food you eat passes through. The digestive tract includes your mouth, stomach, small and large intestine, pharynx, esophagus, rectum, and anus.
More about the tongue:
Your tongue is an organ that is covered by the lingual membrane and has special areas that detect the flavor of food. The tongue helps you swallow food and helps it make its way down the esophagus.
Tissues that make up the tongue:
Scar Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Interactions with other systems:
  • Interacts with muscular system, because chewing is a voluntary action.
  • Interacts with the excretory system because that system removes waste, or the things that you eat.
Diseases, Disorders & Other Problems:
  • Cancer that starts in the pancreas is called pancreatic cancer, a disease that will affect the pancreas, which is a part of the digestive system.
  • Intestinal parasites worms is an infection that can cause stomach bloating, constipation, and many other health problems.

The Nervous System


The nervous system is how your body makes adjustments and changes. Any change brings a response called stimuli. Examples of stimuli are a noise, light, smell of food. Homeostasis helps maintain the body.
The nervous system has two main functions:
  • to gather information.
  • respond to information.
There are two parts to the nervous system: the central nervous system, which consists of your brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which is all the other parts of the system except for the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system would act as the control system, and the peripheral nervous system would send the information out to the rest of your body.
More about the Brain:
The brain is made up of 100 million neurons (neurons are the main aspect of the system). The brain includes the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brain stem .The brain is like the "main post" of the whole system. When it receives information, it tells the rest of your body how to react.
Tissues that make up the brain:
Connective Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Interactions with other systems:
  • Interacts with the skeletal system and or muscular system, because the responding can be with movement, and the skeletal system has to do with movement in your body.
  • Interacts with excretory system because that system is responding to all the excess waste by removing it from your body.
The brain and the spinal cord receive the information (the central nervous system), and the rest of your body (everything green; the peripheral nervous system) respond to the information.
Diseases, Disorders & Other Diseases:
  • An injury could be a spinal cord injury, which can block information to and from the brain.
  • Depressants, such as alcohol and some drugs, can slow down your nervous system, causing you to respond slower than you normally would.